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New Testament Greek Exegesis

This guide highlights essential sources for New Testament exegesis.

What is here:

Below, students will find the following:

Exegetical Method (1 of 3): Historical and Book Analysis.

Basic Introductions: Introductions for Collegiate students.

General Introductions: Introductions for Graduate students.

Advanced Introductions: Introducing critical Introductions.

Specialized Resources: Introductions focused upon specific NT corpi (Gospels, Pauline Epistles, etc.)

Exegetical Method (1 of 3): Historical and Book Analysis

  • Gain familiarity with the Original Language.
    • If possible, translate the entire of the book (or at least major sections surrounding your passage).
    • Make a tentative translation of your passage in order to be mindful of TC questions, lexical questions, syntactical questions, and other various questions that arise.
    • If possible, gain familiarity of the vocabulary in order to read and recite the text with no lexical aids.
  • Gain familiarity with the Entire Book.
    • Provide an overarching outline of the entire book with a sentence highlighting each section.
    • Provide a flexible, more detailed outline, of the nearer context of your passage.
    • Synthesis the main thought(s) of the book in 1–3 sentences.
    • Attempt to trace the overall argument of the book.
    • Identify various theological themes within the book.
    • Provide the overarching literary genres and any smaller literary genres within the book.
  • Gain familiarity with the historical background of the text
    • Pay careful attention to the cultural and geographical context.
    • What are the theological concerns of the original context, if identifiable?
    • What are the various customs and other cultural related items, if identifiable?
    • What are introductory concerns pertinant to each book, such as authorship, audience, date, historicity, textual transmission, etc.?
    • It would be helpful to read Introductions, Customs, Bible Dictionaries, and histories.


Basic Introductions

General Introductions

Advanced Introductions

Specialized Resources